Incontinence is a term that describes any accidental or involuntary loss of urine from the bladder (urinary incontinence) or bowel motion, faeces or wind from the bowel (faecal or bowel incontinence). 

Incontinence is a widespread condition that ranges in severity from just a small leak to complete loss of bladder or bowel control. It can often be a sign of other health problems. Sometimes it can be cured and other times it can be managed better with the right advice or treatment. 

If you are experiencing bladder or bowel control issues, you need to first seek medical advice. There is a range of management options available, and your doctor or healthcare  professional is the best person to discuss which course of action is best. 

There are many types of incontinence: 

Whatever how light your bladder leakage maybe we recommend you speak to a healthcare professional or your Dr even if you have only experienced a couple of episodesIf you are experiencing more than one episode regularly, we suggest keeping a diary and record time, date and the amount of fluid loss. Refer to the Continence Foundation Of Australia who have developed a questionnaire to help you determine if you have incontinence.  

Incontinence is not just a problem for older people, anyone at any age can develop some form of incontinence and it should not be considered normal. However, women are more prone to incontinence than men. 

Most people think that incontinence is a female condition, but in fact, one in ten Australian men experience regular bladder leakage. 

Men: Incontinence isn’t just a “female problem” 

Incontinence can be slightly bothersome or totally debilitating.
Men are often uninformed about the issues, the chance of embarrassment keeps them from enjoying many activities, including exercising, and causes emotional distress. According to the National Association for Continence* (NAFC), between 2% and 15% of men ages 15 to 64, and 5% to 15% of men over 60 who live at home have incontinence. 


A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.  

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601 

For more useful tips and advice, we recommend reaching out to The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website 




National Association for Continence 



Urinary incontinence exists in several different types, understanding which type you have can help you get the appropriate treatment for effective prevention.  

Below is a list of the most common and some useful information on each. 

STRESS INCONTINENCE Stress incontinence refers to stress upon the sphincter and pelvic muscles.  

A person with stress incontinence will experience small urine loss from coughing, sneezing, laughing or physical activities such as running, lifting heavy objects or getting off a chair or bed. This is the most common type of incontinence and occurs mainly in women.  

RETENTION/OVERFLOW INCONTINENCE A person with retention/overflow incontinence strains to pass urine and feels that their bladder hasn’t emptied completely. As a result, they may experience constant dribbling and may suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections. Retention/overflow incontinence is common in males who have an enlarged prostate gland.  

OVERACTIVE BLADDER (OAB) Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is characterised by urgency, often with frequency and nocturia and sometimes leakage (urge incontinence). It is often but not always associated with detrusor muscle over-activity.  

FUNCTIONAL INCONTINENCE Functional incontinence is the result of physical, psychological and/ or environmental problems that affect a person’s ability to reach or use the toilet. Some of these problems include poor mobility, poor dexterity, and loss of memory or even poor building design.  

REFLEX INCONTINENCE A person suffering reflex incontinence will find that their bladder has emptied without any warning or, in some cases, without any sensation that this has occurred. Reflex incontinence can often be the result of a spinal cord injury.  

NOCTURIA INCONTINENCE A person with nocturia will wake frequently during the night to go to the toilet and find that they have insufficient time to reach the toilet once they have woken. A person with nocturnal enuresis will lose urine while they are sleeping, usually at night.  

MIXED INCONTINENCE Mixed incontinence is the combination of both stress and urge incontinence. Mixed incontinence often affects women. 


There are many different causes of incontinence and wrecommend you visit your Dr  or healthcare professional if you feel you have experienced bladder leakage.   

Your Dr will be able to best determine what are the causes. 

If your Dr or Healthcare professional recommends using an incontinence aid, Ontex have large range from light to heavy  and all products are dermatologically tested.  You can also order free samples online from our website. All orders will be sent to you in discreet packaging


A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.  

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601. 

For useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to  The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website 

Over 4.8 million Australians over the age of 15 (approximately 20% of the total population) have bladder or bowel control problems. Urinary incontinence affects up to 13% of Australian men (1 in 10) and up to 37% of Australian women (1 in 3). Faecal incontinence affects up to 20% of Australian men and up to 12.9% of Australian women (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report, 2006*). 

It is likely that the true number of people affected is much higher. Many people do not tell their doctor or healthcare professional about their incontinence, due to embarrassment. Some people wrongly think that incontinence is a normal part of aging or that it cannot be treated. This is unfortunate, as many cases can be successfully treated or significantly improved 

Key Stats – Deloitte Access Economic Report* 

As shown from the Deloitte Access Economics  Report* incontinence is a common condition so you should not feel you are alone or suffer alone.  

Causes and help 

Incontinence can affect people of any age both men and women. There are certain life events that you increase your risk of developing urinary incontinence. These events include stress, pregnancy, menopause and some surgical operations. Certain medications, such as diuretics, some blood pressure medications, and antidepressants, can cause urinary incontinence, or at least be a contributing factor 

Talking to a healthcare professional is important  

Do not feel embarrassed if you experience incontinence you are not alone. Your healthcare professional can advise ways to manage your incontinence or depending on your conditions cure it 

If you suspect medications may be increasing or even causing continence problems, let your doctor or healthcare professional  know about all the medicines you take, both prescription and over-the-counter. That way, your doctor or healthcare professional can help determine whether these medicines should be adjusted or stopped, or if a treatment should be modified. 


A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life. 

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601 

Note as pat of ongoing commitment providing the best possible continence care solutions, we offer Free Samples of our products, providing  consumers with the opportunity to trial and experience for themselves.  

For more useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website 



Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report, 2006 

Deloitte Access Economic Report 

Managing everyday life can be challenging when you or the person you are caring for is affected by incontinence. However with planning and with some lifestyle changes this does not have to be the case. Most people find they, or the person they are caring for, can live their life to the fullest.  

There are many types of incontinence and each has a different cause and different symptoms. Therefore, to get the appropriate treatment it is important to identify which type of incontinence you have. For most people the use of simple pelvic floor exercises, lifestyle changes and use of incontinence aids will suffice. It is always best to discuss your treatment options with your healthcare professional.  

Here are our tips on how to cope with the daily challenges of living with incontinence.  

OTHER USEFUL TIPS For more information and advice visit or contact The Continence Foundation of Australia National Continence Helpline free call on 1800 33 00 66 

Seek a referral to a continence advisor or physician who is well-informed about urinary incontinence. Be motivated and persistent in seeking the right help. 


Also known as Kegels, these exercises focus on strengthening the pelvic floor muscles which support the uterus, bladder and other pelvic organs.  

Performing these exercises regularly can help prevent accidental urine leakage. Kegel exercises can benefit both men and women who have urinary incontinence. It is never too early or late to begin exercising your pelvic floor. Find out how to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.  



Many people who have urinary incontinence believe that drinking less will help avoid accidents and other symptoms of urinary incontinence. This isn’t exactly true as it can lead to other health issues. Drinking the right amount of water is important to keep a healthy balance of fluids and is extremely important for your overall health.  

Dehydration from not drinking enough liquid can cause your urine to become very concentrated which can irritate your bladder and make incontinence worse. 

Aim to drink 6-8 glasses of fluid per day (preferably water), unless otherwise advised by your doctor.  

Limit drinking bladder irritants such as carbonated drinks, tea and coffee (with or without caffeine), artificial sweeteners, corn syrup, foods and beverages that are high in spice, sugar and acid; such as citrus and tomatoes. 


It is important to eat well to keep your bowels healthy and regular. A poor diet can cause chronic constipation which can lead to faecal incontinence.  

Fibre is an essential component of every diet. Aim for 25 to 30g of fibre every day which should include at least 2 servings of fruit and 5 serves of vegetables as this will help keep your bowels healthy and in good working order. 


Physical activity helps prevent constipation by stimulating the muscular activity of the bowel. Exercise also helps to maintain a healthy body weight and reduce pressure on the pelvic floor. Be active every day and do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, such as walking. 


Smoking is associated with a variety of health issues such as an increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and high blood pressure.  

Smoking can also have an impact on the bladder as it’s estimated that smokers are three times more likely to experience incontinence than non-smokers. Quitting smoking could improve the symptoms significantly.  


One of the best ways to avoid an accident is to have a bathroom schedule. It is normal to go to the toilet between 4-8 times per day and no more than once/twice a night.  

Don’t get into the habit of going to the toilet ‘just in case’ as this tends to result in the bladder developing a smaller capacity. Try to go only when your bladder is full and when you need to go. (Going to the toilet before you go to bed is fine). 



A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.  

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601. 

For more useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to  The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website 



Choose iD for a complete range of light to heavy absorbency incontinence solutions. All iD products are approved by dermatologists.

Choosing the right incontinence product is critical for comfort and security.

Incontinence products come with different features. Each feature helps to effectively handle incontinence; the key is to choose the ones that best meets your needs. Consider the following features:


An incontinence product which is either too small or too large is never effective when it comes to managing fluid leaks. Therefore, it is always recommended to check the size of your waist, thighs and hips before you buy.


The continence product suitable for you will be based on your incontinence needs. If you are among those who experience light leakage, then a shaped pad would be suitable.

However, if you experience constant loss of bladder control, especially at night, it is advisable to select a product with a higher absorbency.

We can help you to choose the right products for your needs by using our Product Finder (add link) for women and men and order a sample online of the selected product.

With our products, there’s no need to stay at home, withdraw from activities, gym, tennis, social activities or travel.


Traveling or merely going out in public can be quite stressful for people with various bowel or urinary conditions. The first thing to remember is there is no real reason why you can’t go away as long as you prepare carefully and plan everything in advance.

Plan ahead and know where the toilets are located for your journey and/or destination. Find out where the closest toilets are and how accessible these are to you. The Department of Health and Ageing has a National Public Toilet Map – this shows the location of more than 16,000 public and private toilet facilities across Australia.

Know how long you will be away from home and make sure you have all the things you may need including a good supply of all the items you will need – pads, pants, creams, wipes, etc.

We have developed a product selector tool on our website to help you choose the right product for your needs (add link to finder). This easy to use online product selector tool has been developed in conjunction with leading Australian healthcare professionals and is designed to help you navigate the many options available from our wide range of continence care solutions. Our goal is provide you with a product that will give you security and comfort to live life to the fullest.

Another useful aid is our iD Continence Care Brochure. The iD Continence Care Brochure contains our complete range from light pads, pants to slips and also tips on product use for security and comfort.

A further useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.

For a free copy of either brochure use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manger on 1300 788 601

For more useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website

Have you woken up in mornings to your child saying sorry for wetting their bed and pyjamas? You and your child should be comforted that help is available and the good news is they may grow out of it.

What is Nocturnal Enuresis?
Nocturnal enuresis is the involuntary urination while asleep, also known as bedwetting. Enuresis is the loss of bladder control in younger children and teenagers. At age 3, night-time bedwetting is considered normal. The majority of children gain control of their bladder fully . If your child does experience bed wetting regularly from ages 5 to 7 years we recommend you seek professional advice and see your Doctor.

Statistics on enuresis
• In Australia one in five children wet their beds.
• Boys are more likely to experience bladder weakness more than girls (60% compared to 40%)
• Children who wet the bed can experience feelings of embarrassment that can lead to low self-esteem.

First Steps
Seek out advice on enuresis in children, what are the causes, symptoms and treatments. You can find out more on enuresis, causes and treatments from this article.

Struggles of Children with Enuresis
Children who experience bladder weakness may feel loss of self–esteem, embarrassment and even denial. The child may withdraw themselves and have less interaction with parents or peers.

What Causes Enuresis?
There are many factors which include: over active or under active bladder, feeling anxious, stress, urinary infections and family history. It is important to note that enuresis is treatable.

How Can You Help Your Child?
As a parent, we recommend you talk to your child so that they understand that they can learn bladder control and motivate them to do so until they recover.

Steps To Help Your Child
• Reinforce toileting during the day and before bed time
• Use a bed wetting reward chart – refer to iD Comfy Junior The Parents Guide
• Buy and make healthy foods
• Limit dairy, sweet and salty foods especially around dinner time

To Help Manage Bed Wetting Accidents Use iD Comfy Junior and Kylie For Kids Washable Mattress Protection
Bladder training can take two to three months to be successful. We recommend during this period, to use iD Comfy Junior pants and new Kylie for Kids Washable Mattress Protection to help set up your child for success. iD Comfy Junior range of pants and slips covers different age groups. The pants have a soft side panel, elastic underwear feel and a urine absorbing zone, with a stripy colour design. The slip is a great solution covering waist sizes from 40cm to 70cm.

To order your free sample go to

New to the Kylie range is Kylie Kids Supreme Mac - washable mattress protection. Kylie For Kids Supreme Mac is super absorbent with four layers of protection. Designed for kids Kylie Supreme Mac has a water proof backing, is soft, latex free, dermatologically tested and includes odour control technology. Your kids will love the dinosaur fun design and you will feel secure knowing you have the best waterproof bedding protection for your child.  Kylie for Kids is available through BrightSky and Independence Australia.

Buy Kylie Kids Online through BrightSky

Buy Kylie Kids Online through Independence Australia

What is Nocturnal Enuresis (Bedwetting)
One in Five Kids wet their beds
iii) Bedwetting Facts
Bedwetting Facts
iv) Bladder Training

Urinary Incontinence (UI) affects more than 423 million people worldwide. That’s 8.7% of the world’s population. Among those diagnosed with UI, almost half over the age of 65 depend on the care of others at home or in a nursing home.

Urinary incontinence is a symptom of other health conditions, many of which are physical. Although certain neurological disorders – such as dementia – can also contribute to UI, mental health is often overlooked when providing care.

Supporting mental health in someone with urinary incontinence requires identifying symptoms of psychological distress and taking steps to reduce it when possible. Lowering someone’s mental illness symptoms usually entails providing emotional support, but it also involves knowing what products – such as clothing, bedding, and incontinence pads – will help your patient live a fulfilling life.

How Does Urinary Incontinence Affect Mental Health?

Urinary incontinence is a life-changing diagnosis that involves significant re-adaptation to one’s surroundings. These changes may result in feelings of stigma, frustration, and shame, as well as feelings of anxiety and depression.

Not all individuals with urinary incontinence are aware of how severely a new diagnosis can affect their mental state. In fact, over half of all urinary incontinence patients do not seek mental healthcare, despite reporting symptoms of mental distress. As the partner or caregiver of someone with urinary incontinence, look for the following mental health symptoms:

Decreased Interest in Exercise or Sports

Individuals with urinary incontinence tend to become less physically active, primarily due to a fear of others discovering their condition. Other factors include concerns about bladder leakage and the need to find a bathroom . A sedentary lifestyle can lead to obesity and type II diabetes, especially in elderly people. Furthermore, giving up an exercise hobby or sport may contribute to psychological distress in once-active urinary incontinence patients.

Reduced Intake of Foods or Liquids

People with urinary incontinence may decrease the amount of foods they eat or liquids they drink in an attempt to make their bladder leakage less noticeable or more manageable . However, decreased fluid intake can lead to constipation and urinary tract infections.

Decreased Interest in Social Outings

The potential for leaks and smell leaves many urinary incontinence patients and caregivers homebound. Travel is also a concern for people with urinary incontinence, due to uncertainty of whether toilets will be accessible at travel destinations or on public transport. Decreased social interaction may contribute to symptoms of anxiety and depression in both parties.

Increased Irritability and Anger

Urinary incontinence patients may become irritable and angry due to a perceived inability to master their urinary incontinence, or from the negative impact that urinary incontinence has on their lives. Anger may be the product of lack of sleep, a lack of social interaction, or feelings of shame.

These are four of the most common ways in which urinary incontinence patients express mental distress. However, psychological upset may present itself in a variety of ways. If you observe behaviors that seem maladaptive or out of the ordinary, consult a professional.

How Can Caregivers Support Mental Health in Urinary Incontinence Patients?

As a caregiver, supporting your patients’ mental health is as important as supporting their physical health. Here are some ways to support your patient’s mental well-being:

• Support them in engaging in light to moderate physical activity for at least an hour per day. Suggest going to the park, going shopping, or even going to the gym.
• Encourage them to get enough fluids. The recommended intake is 1.5 to 2 liters per day.
• Tell them the importance of maintaining contact with their friends and loved ones. Assist them in organizing small social gatherings, as well as attending interest-group meetings with like-minded individuals.
• Ask them about their levels of frustration or anger, especially following a new diagnosis. Remain available to help them in their adjustment to a life with urinary incontinence .

Other Supports for Urinary Incontinence Patients

Being diagnosed with urinary incontinence means re-adjusting to life, but that adjustment doesn’t have to be difficult. A waterproof mattress cover, as well as easy-to-remove clothing, are inexpensive solutions for avoiding unwanted leaks and making toilet trips less urgent. The result can be less sleep interruptions, as well as reduced feelings of anxiety in social situations.

Your choice of incontinence pad also matters. Discreet packaging, odor control, and compact design all make it easier for you and your patient to manage urinary incontinence at home and in public. iD incontinence pads meets these criteria. Coming in many sizes and absorbencies, they allow any and all people with urinary incontinence to discreetly manage their condition.

As caregivers, we deal with the day-to-day difficulties when it comes to providing adequate care to a patient or a family member that we must take care of. Carrying out this task properly for a bedridden or a patient with restricted mobility, regardless of their age, implies certain difficulties. There are daily basic needs that must be met: personal care, home care and our physical and emotional health. If we are also caregivers at home or in the place of residence of the dependent, instead of in an institution specially prepared for it, it may be even more complicated.

It must be kept in mind that the person we care for and who is dependent needs help to clean themselves, get out of bed, eat, etc., and sometimes those needs overlap or even cancel those of the caregiver. Because of this we as caregivers need to be very patient, be able to listen and try to understand the situation of the person for whom we are responsible, without neglecting the individual needs so as not to run the risk of suffering the Burn-Out Syndrome.

It is good to prepare a list of tasks, create a schedule and of course seek help not to overload and rest. The level of disability must also be weighed since some people need minimal assistance, such as accompanying them on some trips, while others require full and constant assistance. Once the level of disability has been identified, we must bear in mind that there are fundamental points such as:


The health conditions and the cleansing of the skin are indirectly related to each other. Body cleansing in general is important from a hygienic and aesthetic point of view. Therefore, a good daily cleaning is essential to avoid complications caused by spending a lot of time in the same position or by the lack of hygiene in certain parts of the body. There are products available to perform the daily cleaning that will facilitate this work.

Another factor to keep in mind is to maintain privacy during hygiene time. It is necessary to go little by little and dry and cover the areas that we have already washed so that the patient does not stay cold and feel more comfortable. It is also advisable to clean from front to back, starting with the feet and taking the time necessary to not forget any area of ​​the body. If the patient is in a wheelchair, we can transfer them to chairs especially designed for the shower or specific seats to be able to shower the patient easily or even, that he can do it himself.

It is vital for any patient, not only the dependent patient, to maintain a good grooming and to dress appropriately, since proper hygiene positively affects self-esteem.

A good diet

We must ensure that meals contain all types of food necessary for proper nutrition. This does not mean eating much but offering the right amount that the person in our care needs. Try to create an appropriate menu with the help of a specialist. If the patient has problems swallowing or chewing we should try to give him crushed and light foods and place the person in an upright posture (as long as he can tolerate it) to facilitate the intake. It is also important to maintain a good hydration by offering water regularly.

Manage medication correctly

First of all, we must know the medications that we manage and create a schedule of shots. We need to take into account the importance of the patient being awake and in a position to be able to take the medication in case it is administered orally. The dosage indicated by the doctor or pharmacist is of vital importance and you have to follow their guidelines, given that some medications can interfere with a negative effect with others that you are already taking.

Keep in mind that these tips are merely indicative but you should consult a healthcare professional so they can give you the necessary guidelines and perform the proper care. We love to help you to care!

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that gradually destroys the dopamine neurons of the brain's dark substance. Dopamine is a chemical that transmits signals to the part of the brain that controls movement. When there is a loss of dopamine in the brain, it cannot co-ordinate with the rest of the body.

The 3 major symptoms

Parkinson's disease does not reach people in the same way, here are the 3 major symptoms:

- Tremors: It happens at rest and often only concerns a part of the body.

- The slowness of movement: This occurs in difficult moments for the person, to perform different movements that requires the co-ordination of several members such as walking.

- Stiffness in the muscles: This is induced by excessive tension in the muscles. This can lead to muscle or tendon pain in the person. It contributes to the difficulties of movements.

Beyond these 3 symptoms, there are other possible motor disorders such as balance disorders, trampling or swallowing disorders. Non-motor problems can also be diseases related to the illness such as fatigue, daytime sleepiness, digestive or urinary disorders.

The different stages of Parkinson's disease

There are 4 stages sign of the progression of the disease.

Step 1:

The symptoms begin to appear, but it can be difficult to make the diagnosis if they are not the characteristic of the disease or sufficiently pronounced.

This is a complicated time for the person who must accept being sick and suffering from an evolving and degenerative disease.

Step 2:

This step may seem paradoxical. On the one hand the person started their treatment, which they must take at fixed times several times a day. This involves reorganising one's life according to the disease and accepting these changes. On the other hand, the treatment that acts on dopamine can make the person feel better.

Step 3:

At this point, the person begins to become dependent and may need help. Daily tasks become very difficult for the person to handle. In fact, the person will alternate the periods when the drugs will take effect by reducing the disorders and the periods when the treatment will not be sufficiently effective and the symptoms will be able to resurface in a disabling manner. At this point, the person begins to become dependent and may need help. Daily tasks become very difficult for the person to handle.

Step 4:

It is the most advanced stage of Parkinson's disease because the patient can suffer from falls, loss of balance, disorders of swallowing, and it could be suffered daily. We can also see vegetative disorders as well as behavioural changes. The care will require adaptations at home, environment and daily life.

A glance at alternative treatments for Parkinson's disease:

- Eat foods high in fiber to avoid digestive disorders such as constipation.

- Ask your doctor for a guide to simple exercises and easy to do regularly.

- A therapeutic massage can help relax your muscles.

- Other therapies may include yoga or meditation.

We recommend that you consult your doctor for more information and advice before starting any exercise or diet plan.

Urinary tract infection is one of the most common types of infection. This infection is usually caused by a bacterium called E. coli that is present in the digestive system and finds its way into the urinary system. For the women, this type of infection is more troublesome and more frequent because of the smaller size of their urethra compared to men; which implies that bacteria like E.Coli should not travel very far to reach the bladder.

This type of infection is a seasonal problem also - urinary tract infections are more common in summer. Regarding this, a number of factors favour the appearance of bacteria and, consequently, of urinary tract infections. The causes are varied - the lack of hydration, an increase in the frequency of sexual intercourse, tighter underwear.

Here are some tips to enjoy the summer safely without anything stopping you:

1. Be hydrated and drink water: it prevents the accumulation of germs in the urinary tract, eliminating them in the urine.

2. Avoid underwear and swimsuits too tight: by ensuring adequate perspiration of the female intimate area, you will also avoid vaginal infections.

3. Good hygiene: take a shower with fresh water after a swim in the sea or in a pool to avoid irritation by salt, sand or chlorine. After using the toilet, wash from front to back to prevent bladder infection.

4. Keep the genital area dry: in summer, women spend a lot of free time on the beach or in the pool, so it is common to keep a wet swimsuit for hours. Humidity in the vaginal area favours the appearance of infections. It is therefore advisable to always wear a dry swimsuit (do not keep it wet for more than 30 minutes) and to have clean underwear to change.

5. Urinate after sexual intercourse: during intercourse, bacteria in the genital area can enter and accumulate in the urethra, which can lead to infection of the bladder. Therefore, the specialists insist on the importance of urinating right after. In addition, doctors point out that, unlike men, female ejaculation does not occur through the urethra, so the only way to drag and expel all the substances or particles that are introduced during penetration, is by urination It is therefore advisable to urinate, preferably within 45 minutes after penetration.

We like to help you take care of yourself.

- "A Method to Assess Seasonality of Urinary Tract Infections Based on Medication Sales and Google Trends". Rossignol L, Pelat C, Lambert B, Flahault A, Chartier-Kastler E. (2013)
- "Recurrent Cystitis after Intercourse: Why the Gynecologist has a say". Graziottin A.
- Urinary tract infection: symptoms and treatment of urinary tract infection

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