Incontinence is a term that describes any accidental or involuntary loss of urine from the bladder (urinary incontinence) or bowel motion, faeces or wind from the bowel (faecal or bowel incontinence). 

Incontinence is a widespread condition that ranges in severity from just a small leak to complete loss of bladder or bowel control. It can often be a sign of other health problems. Sometimes it can be cured and other times it can be managed better with the right advice or treatment. 

If you are experiencing bladder or bowel control issues, you need to first seek medical advice. There is a range of management options available, and your doctor or healthcare  professional is the best person to discuss which course of action is best. 

There are many types of incontinence: 

Whatever how light your bladder leakage maybe we recommend you speak to a healthcare professional or your Dr even if you have only experienced a couple of episodesIf you are experiencing more than one episode regularly, we suggest keeping a diary and record time, date and the amount of fluid loss. Refer to the Continence Foundation Of Australia who have developed a questionnaire to help you determine if you have incontinence.  

Incontinence is not just a problem for older people, anyone at any age can develop some form of incontinence and it should not be considered normal. However, women are more prone to incontinence than men. 

Most people think that incontinence is a female condition, but in fact, one in ten Australian men experience regular bladder leakage. 

Men: Incontinence isn’t just a “female problem” 

Incontinence can be slightly bothersome or totally debilitating.
Men are often uninformed about the issues, the chance of embarrassment keeps them from enjoying many activities, including exercising, and causes emotional distress. According to the National Association for Continence* (NAFC), between 2% and 15% of men ages 15 to 64, and 5% to 15% of men over 60 who live at home have incontinence. 

Tips 

A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.  

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601 

For more useful tips and advice, we recommend reaching out to The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website www.continence.org.au 

 

 

Sources: 

National Association for Continence https://www.nafc.org/ 

 

TYPES OF INCONTINENCE  

Urinary incontinence exists in several different types, understanding which type you have can help you get the appropriate treatment for effective prevention.  

Below is a list of the most common and some useful information on each. 

STRESS INCONTINENCE Stress incontinence refers to stress upon the sphincter and pelvic muscles.  

A person with stress incontinence will experience small urine loss from coughing, sneezing, laughing or physical activities such as running, lifting heavy objects or getting off a chair or bed. This is the most common type of incontinence and occurs mainly in women.  

RETENTION/OVERFLOW INCONTINENCE A person with retention/overflow incontinence strains to pass urine and feels that their bladder hasn’t emptied completely. As a result, they may experience constant dribbling and may suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections. Retention/overflow incontinence is common in males who have an enlarged prostate gland.  

OVERACTIVE BLADDER (OAB) Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is characterised by urgency, often with frequency and nocturia and sometimes leakage (urge incontinence). It is often but not always associated with detrusor muscle over-activity.  

FUNCTIONAL INCONTINENCE Functional incontinence is the result of physical, psychological and/ or environmental problems that affect a person’s ability to reach or use the toilet. Some of these problems include poor mobility, poor dexterity, and loss of memory or even poor building design.  

REFLEX INCONTINENCE A person suffering reflex incontinence will find that their bladder has emptied without any warning or, in some cases, without any sensation that this has occurred. Reflex incontinence can often be the result of a spinal cord injury.  

NOCTURIA INCONTINENCE A person with nocturia will wake frequently during the night to go to the toilet and find that they have insufficient time to reach the toilet once they have woken. A person with nocturnal enuresis will lose urine while they are sleeping, usually at night.  

MIXED INCONTINENCE Mixed incontinence is the combination of both stress and urge incontinence. Mixed incontinence often affects women. 

CAUSES OF INCONTINENCE  

There are many different causes of incontinence and wrecommend you visit your Dr  or healthcare professional if you feel you have experienced bladder leakage.   

Your Dr will be able to best determine what are the causes. 

If your Dr or Healthcare professional recommends using an incontinence aid, Ontex have large range from light to heavy  and all products are dermatologically tested.  You can also order free samples online from our website. All orders will be sent to you in discreet packaging

Tips 

A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life.  

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601. 

For useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to  The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website www.continence.org.au 

Over 4.8 million Australians over the age of 15 (approximately 20% of the total population) have bladder or bowel control problems. Urinary incontinence affects up to 13% of Australian men (1 in 10) and up to 37% of Australian women (1 in 3). Faecal incontinence affects up to 20% of Australian men and up to 12.9% of Australian women (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report, 2006*). 

It is likely that the true number of people affected is much higher. Many people do not tell their doctor or healthcare professional about their incontinence, due to embarrassment. Some people wrongly think that incontinence is a normal part of aging or that it cannot be treated. This is unfortunate, as many cases can be successfully treated or significantly improved 

Key Stats – Deloitte Access Economic Report* 

As shown from the Deloitte Access Economics  Report* incontinence is a common condition so you should not feel you are alone or suffer alone.  

Causes and help 

Incontinence can affect people of any age both men and women. There are certain life events that you increase your risk of developing urinary incontinence. These events include stress, pregnancy, menopause and some surgical operations. Certain medications, such as diuretics, some blood pressure medications, and antidepressants, can cause urinary incontinence, or at least be a contributing factor 

Talking to a healthcare professional is important  

Do not feel embarrassed if you experience incontinence you are not alone. Your healthcare professional can advise ways to manage your incontinence or depending on your conditions cure it 

If you suspect medications may be increasing or even causing continence problems, let your doctor or healthcare professional  know about all the medicines you take, both prescription and over-the-counter. That way, your doctor or healthcare professional can help determine whether these medicines should be adjusted or stopped, or if a treatment should be modified. 

Tips 

A useful aid is the Ontex Continence Care Tips booklet. The booklet provides tips on living with incontinence and how to continue to live a full and active life. 

For a free copy of the booklet use the contact us form on our website or if you are a healthcare professional contact your local Business Development Manager on 1300 788 601 

Note as pat of ongoing commitment providing the best possible continence care solutions, we offer Free Samples of our products, providing  consumers with the opportunity to trial and experience for themselves.  

For more useful tips and advice we recommend reaching out to The Continence Foundation of Australia. They have a free call helpline 1800 33 00 66 or go to their website www.continence.org.au 

 

Sources: 

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report, 2006 https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/australias-health/australias-health-2006/contents/table-of-contents 

Deloitte Access Economic Report https://www.continence.org.au/resource/deloitte-access-economics-report-economic-impact-incontinence-australia 

Urinary Incontinence (UI) affects more than 423 million people worldwide. That’s 8.7% of the world’s population. Among those diagnosed with UI, almost half over the age of 65 depend on the care of others at home or in a nursing home.

Urinary incontinence is a symptom of other health conditions, many of which are physical. Although certain neurological disorders – such as dementia – can also contribute to UI, mental health is often overlooked when providing care.

Supporting mental health in someone with urinary incontinence requires identifying symptoms of psychological distress and taking steps to reduce it when possible. Lowering someone’s mental illness symptoms usually entails providing emotional support, but it also involves knowing what products – such as clothing, bedding, and incontinence pads – will help your patient live a fulfilling life.

How Does Urinary Incontinence Affect Mental Health?

Urinary incontinence is a life-changing diagnosis that involves significant re-adaptation to one’s surroundings. These changes may result in feelings of stigma, frustration, and shame, as well as feelings of anxiety and depression.

Not all individuals with urinary incontinence are aware of how severely a new diagnosis can affect their mental state. In fact, over half of all urinary incontinence patients do not seek mental healthcare, despite reporting symptoms of mental distress. As the partner or caregiver of someone with urinary incontinence, look for the following mental health symptoms:

Decreased Interest in Exercise or Sports

Individuals with urinary incontinence tend to become less physically active, primarily due to a fear of others discovering their condition. Other factors include concerns about bladder leakage and the need to find a bathroom . A sedentary lifestyle can lead to obesity and type II diabetes, especially in elderly people. Furthermore, giving up an exercise hobby or sport may contribute to psychological distress in once-active urinary incontinence patients.

Reduced Intake of Foods or Liquids

People with urinary incontinence may decrease the amount of foods they eat or liquids they drink in an attempt to make their bladder leakage less noticeable or more manageable . However, decreased fluid intake can lead to constipation and urinary tract infections.

Decreased Interest in Social Outings

The potential for leaks and smell leaves many urinary incontinence patients and caregivers homebound. Travel is also a concern for people with urinary incontinence, due to uncertainty of whether toilets will be accessible at travel destinations or on public transport. Decreased social interaction may contribute to symptoms of anxiety and depression in both parties.

Increased Irritability and Anger

Urinary incontinence patients may become irritable and angry due to a perceived inability to master their urinary incontinence, or from the negative impact that urinary incontinence has on their lives. Anger may be the product of lack of sleep, a lack of social interaction, or feelings of shame.

These are four of the most common ways in which urinary incontinence patients express mental distress. However, psychological upset may present itself in a variety of ways. If you observe behaviors that seem maladaptive or out of the ordinary, consult a professional.

How Can Caregivers Support Mental Health in Urinary Incontinence Patients?

As a caregiver, supporting your patients’ mental health is as important as supporting their physical health. Here are some ways to support your patient’s mental well-being:

• Support them in engaging in light to moderate physical activity for at least an hour per day. Suggest going to the park, going shopping, or even going to the gym.
• Encourage them to get enough fluids. The recommended intake is 1.5 to 2 liters per day.
• Tell them the importance of maintaining contact with their friends and loved ones. Assist them in organizing small social gatherings, as well as attending interest-group meetings with like-minded individuals.
• Ask them about their levels of frustration or anger, especially following a new diagnosis. Remain available to help them in their adjustment to a life with urinary incontinence .

Other Supports for Urinary Incontinence Patients

Being diagnosed with urinary incontinence means re-adjusting to life, but that adjustment doesn’t have to be difficult. A waterproof mattress cover, as well as easy-to-remove clothing, are inexpensive solutions for avoiding unwanted leaks and making toilet trips less urgent. The result can be less sleep interruptions, as well as reduced feelings of anxiety in social situations.

Your choice of incontinence pad also matters. Discreet packaging, odor control, and compact design all make it easier for you and your patient to manage urinary incontinence at home and in public. iD incontinence pads meets these criteria. Coming in many sizes and absorbencies, they allow any and all people with urinary incontinence to discreetly manage their condition.

As caregivers, we deal with the day-to-day difficulties when it comes to providing adequate care to a patient or a family member that we must take care of. Carrying out this task properly for a bedridden or a patient with restricted mobility, regardless of their age, implies certain difficulties. There are daily basic needs that must be met: personal care, home care and our physical and emotional health. If we are also caregivers at home or in the place of residence of the dependent, instead of in an institution specially prepared for it, it may be even more complicated.

It must be kept in mind that the person we care for and who is dependent needs help to clean themselves, get out of bed, eat, etc., and sometimes those needs overlap or even cancel those of the caregiver. Because of this we as caregivers need to be very patient, be able to listen and try to understand the situation of the person for whom we are responsible, without neglecting the individual needs so as not to run the risk of suffering the Burn-Out Syndrome.

It is good to prepare a list of tasks, create a schedule and of course seek help not to overload and rest. The level of disability must also be weighed since some people need minimal assistance, such as accompanying them on some trips, while others require full and constant assistance. Once the level of disability has been identified, we must bear in mind that there are fundamental points such as:

Hygiene

The health conditions and the cleansing of the skin are indirectly related to each other. Body cleansing in general is important from a hygienic and aesthetic point of view. Therefore, a good daily cleaning is essential to avoid complications caused by spending a lot of time in the same position or by the lack of hygiene in certain parts of the body. There are products available to perform the daily cleaning that will facilitate this work.

Another factor to keep in mind is to maintain privacy during hygiene time. It is necessary to go little by little and dry and cover the areas that we have already washed so that the patient does not stay cold and feel more comfortable. It is also advisable to clean from front to back, starting with the feet and taking the time necessary to not forget any area of ​​the body. If the patient is in a wheelchair, we can transfer them to chairs especially designed for the shower or specific seats to be able to shower the patient easily or even, that he can do it himself.

It is vital for any patient, not only the dependent patient, to maintain a good grooming and to dress appropriately, since proper hygiene positively affects self-esteem.

A good diet

We must ensure that meals contain all types of food necessary for proper nutrition. This does not mean eating much but offering the right amount that the person in our care needs. Try to create an appropriate menu with the help of a specialist. If the patient has problems swallowing or chewing we should try to give him crushed and light foods and place the person in an upright posture (as long as he can tolerate it) to facilitate the intake. It is also important to maintain a good hydration by offering water regularly.

Manage medication correctly

First of all, we must know the medications that we manage and create a schedule of shots. We need to take into account the importance of the patient being awake and in a position to be able to take the medication in case it is administered orally. The dosage indicated by the doctor or pharmacist is of vital importance and you have to follow their guidelines, given that some medications can interfere with a negative effect with others that you are already taking.

Keep in mind that these tips are merely indicative but you should consult a healthcare professional so they can give you the necessary guidelines and perform the proper care. We love to help you to care!

We have all had periods of stress and anxiety in our lives. These periods are prone to making us more alert than what we are used to and therefore have immediate consequences for our mind and body. It is possible to stop thinking about what overwhelms you this being the reason why you must learn to relax to avoid suffering them. A person can have around 50,000 thoughts a day, most of them are negative, since we perform them unconsciously. This permanent state in which you never stop thinking and turning over a lot of varied topics entails a permanent state of stress and mental exhaustion.

With a few simple tips, you will learn to relax in a few minutes to get rid of daily stress and get out of the state of anxiety, in addition to providing self-control.

1. Learn breathing techniques: although there are many breathing exercises, just focusing on the rhythm of your own breathing, this will help you to relax. Abdominal breathing is one of the simplest techniques and the one we will learn first. To do this, we must place one hand on the abdomen and the other on the chest to see which is the hand that rises when breathing. If the one that rises is the one that we place on the abdomen, we are doing complete breaths that will help us in the relaxation process. This type of slow breathing will provide a physical relaxation and calm.

2. Take a short walk: if you are at work and you feel overwhelmed, a 5-minute walk is more than enough to disconnect from the routine. In fact, short breaks are the most effective way to increase your productivity. But take advantage when you get out of your work, for example, walk before you get home, and be able to relax before you arrive.

3. Prepare a moment for yourself: it may sound like a topic, but a good bath or relaxing shower, with relaxing music, candles with lavender smell and 60 minutes without worrying about anything else works very fine.

4. Disconnect your phone, email and social networks: sometimes, the excess of information and the hyperconnection in which we are can also stress us although it does not seem so. Dedicate a couple of hours when you get home to forget the notifications of your mobile and reduce your anxiety levels.

Living more relaxed and with less anxiety will not only positively affect your well-being, but also improve your social relationships. Remember, in case of any doubt or stress situation out of the ordinary, consult your medical specialist. Take care of yourself!

https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/articles/200107/depression-doing-the-thinking

https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/relaxation-techniques-breath-control-helps-quell-errant-stress-response

https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-016-0437-z

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4117273/

On numerous occasions, you may encounter some patients who come for a consultation and have some type of urinary problem. Determining its origin, the causes and treatment is key to improve their quality of life and well-being.

In general, experts follow this protocol to know the type of incontinence that your patient has:

Voiding Diary: is a record of voiding activity, which organises a visual and complete daily activity of your patient. It will help you to understand your patient’s voiding routine and this way will be able to know in a more precise way if there’s a problem related to the control of the bladder.

Clinical History: antecedents, diseases and possible problems related to incontinence (such as medication or nutrition) are reviewed.

Analysis of urine: this can be ruled out that your patient suffers from UI due to an infection or a secondary problem.

Physical Examination: there may be certain anomalies derived, for example, from surgeries or cutaneous lesions that favor the appearance of urinary incontinence.

Symptom Questionnaire: by asking a few questions you can assess the symptoms and know the type of UI that your patient has, such as:
- Do you suffer from urine loss when you play sports, carry weight or cough? If yes, it could be stress incontinence.
- When you feel like urinating, do you have to run to the bathroom? Does the cold or the sound of running water intensify your urge to urinate? Do you have problems to endure? If yes, you probably have an unstable bladder.
- Do you have trouble urinating? Do you sometimes have the feeling that your bladder has not completely emptied? If yes, it could be a urinary retention.

The most appropriate way to treat urinary incontinence is to conduct a complete study of the patient to be able to assess all their history, symptoms and possible causes, and recommend an appropriate treatment to the type of incontinence suffered.

All of us have stressful days, some days worse than others. We think that the day is never going to end, constantly watching the clock. The worst of those days is as we get home it is very difficult to disconnect from the day, especially if the stressful situations are constant and we don’t have periods of disconnection. Therefore, it is important that you learn how to disconnect from work on your days off.

Many times we believe that doing nothing is the best thing to disconnect from our daily routine. However, it is not always the best thing to do because inevitably, we tend to turn our tasks around, so we must learn to manage our time and relax. These are some tips to help you cope with your day to day life.

Try to make time for yourself
It is important that after a day of dedication to others you search for a space in your agenda just for you. Go for a massage, read a book or take a walk. We know that sometimes it is very complicated because after work we usually have family obligations but take advantage of this. Go to the park with your children, go out to dinner, or even a good conversation will help you.

Do exercise
If you manage to take time out of your day-to-day activities, you can join the gym. Pilates, yoga or any other activity such as dance classes are great. Exercise always helps you sleep better, and you may make friends with whom to chat about your routine having a coffee when you finish.

Find a hobby
Painting, DIY or even adult colouring books can help you achieve that much-needed relaxation. The concentration required by this type of activity and the use of your senses will prevent you from thinking about the job or what the next day will bring.

Go out for a drink
Going out to drink with friends is always liberating. They will help you listening to you if you have had a bad day and they can also make you completely forget about your problems.

Releases endorphins
Endorphins are responsible for causing us to feel pleasure and relieve stress. A very original way to release yourself is Laughter Therapy, which besides being very fun and will provide you wellbeing from the first laugh.

Sleep well
Your mind and your body need to recover from a long and intense day and the best way to achieve is with a good rest. A shower before bed or a relaxing bath will surely help you fall asleep.
In short, you should try to do activities that break your routine. You must bear in mind that your work requires a lot of physical and mental involvement and you need to learn to take a break. Thank you for helping us to care!

© 2020 Ontex Healthcare. All Rights Reserved. 

  
  
  
  



		
		   
		      
		         linkedin
		         
		         
		         
		      
		      
		         facebook
		         
		      
		      
		         pinterest
		         
		      
		      
		         youtube
		         
		      
		      
		         rss
		         
		      
		      
		         twitter
		         
		      
		      
		         instagram
		         
		         
		         
		      
		      
		         facebook-blank
		         
		      
		      
		         rss-blank
		         
		      
		      
		         linkedin-blank
		         
		      
		      
		         pinterest
		         
		      
		      
		         youtube
		         
		      
		      
		         twitter
		         
		      
		      
		         instagram